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Over active bladder

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Over Active Bladder

Over active bladder

Over Active Bladder (OAB) is defined as “ Urinary urgency with or without urge incontinence usually with frequency and nocturia if there are no infection or any proven other etiology.

The bladder relies on a healthy urinary tract for proper functionalities. The communication pathways also need to be intact between the brain, spinal cord and the bladder muscles. There could be several conditions affecting the parts of the body and causing the bladder muscle to contract involuntarily and repeatedly.

What are the causes of overactive bladder?

The overactive bladder is generally a result of the involuntary and repeated muscle contractions in the bladder muscles. It might take when the bladder is full or even when it is not. Only in those cases where the exact cause of this bladder over activity is not know is termed as OAB

Causes of Detrusor over activity

Idiopathic Detrusor over activity. There are no identifiable cause of this
Neurogenic detrusor over activity
Brain level
  • Stroke
  • Parkinson’s Disease.
  • Brain tumors
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  •  Multiple Sclerosisa
Spinal Cord level
  • Spinal cord Injury
  • Spinal cord tumor
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Transverse Myelitis
  • Myelodysplasia
Diabetic Neuropathy
Non Neurological conditions
  • Bladder Infection
  • Bladder Outlet Obstruction Like prostate and Stricture of urethra.
  • Bladder Stones
  • Bladder Tumors.

What are the risk factors of overactive bladder?

There are certain risk factors that might increase your chances of experiencing an overactive bladder. Some of these are related to age and gender. Some other are due to life style that can be prevented. The risk factors of overactive bladder include:

  1. Gender - It is more likely for women to feel incontinence than men. Pregnancy, menstruation and the menopause can affect the pelvic floor muscles and hormones in women in a very similar way
  2. Age - Overactive bladder can occur at any age but the risk increases as you become older. Common among peopleof  Type A personality, high position jobs, high tension jobs.
  3. Obesity - If you are packing excess weight, then the bladder is surely carrying extra weight. Thus obesity could lead to conditions that could affect the blood flow and the nerve activity in the bladder

What are the conditions that might trigger an overactive bladder?

The possible triggers that might the symptoms of overactive bladder include:

  • drinking too much alcohol or caffeinated drinks
  • eating acidic foods like citrus fruits or tomatoes, carbonated drinks like cola.
  • constipation
  • not having enough fluids to drink
  • not taking fibrous foods in the diet